Chronic Renal Failure Treatment
Renal failure is a serious condition that can be fatal without proper treatment. MediClin provides the whole spectrum of services and therapies for renal failure treatment.
What is chronic renal failure?
This is a gradual degradation of kidney function: the organ fails to filter wastes and fluids from blood and excrete those into urine. When kidney failure progresses, excessive level of fluid, wastes and electrolytes can accumulate in body and harm health dramatically.
At the early stages, there can be no signs and symptoms of disease. When chronic renal failure becomes more advanced, it may lead to:
- difficulties with sleep;
- changes in urinating habit;
- loss of appetite;
- muscle pain and cramps;
- decreased mental efficiency;
- swelling of ankles and feet;
- shortness of breath;
- high blood pressure that is hard to control.
Renal failure can be caused by different things including diabetes, abnormal blood pressure, polycystic kidney disease, nephritis and kidney infections. Obesity, heart and vessel diseases, older age and smoking are risk factors for kidney failure development.
Generally, kidney failure treatment is aimed at decelerating the progression of kidney damage and controlling the causes lying in its core. It’s important to slow disease development before it reaches the last stage that can be fatal without dialysis (artificial filtering) or kidney transplantation.
Habits and lifestyle have a great impact on the process of kidney failure treatment. Patients are typically recommended the following:
- To stop smoking and cutting down on alcohol beverages.
- Eat healthy foods and balance their diet.
- Restrict salt intake.
- Perform regular physical exercises (at least 3 hours a week).
- Keep weight at normal level and lose extra pounds.
- Not to use over-the-counter drugs for inflammation treatment (for instance, ibuprofen), as they can affect kidneys.
Blood pressure control
Maintaining normal blood pressure is essential for keeping kidneys healthy. As a rule, patients with chronic renal failure are advised to maintain blood pressure at 140/90mmHg and below. Ramipril, lisinopril, enalapril and other medications can be used for that. If these drugs cause serious side effects (weakness, dizziness, headaches, or dry cough), angiotensin-II receptor blockers serve as an alternative solution.
This is a measure taken when kidneys stop working and aimed at removing waste and excess fluid from the blood. Dialysis is made two ways:
- Haemodialysis: blood is taken to an external machine that filters it and returns back to patient’s body. It is usually performed 3 times a week on an outpatient basis.
- Peritoneal dialysis: special dialysis fluid is injected inside patient’s abdomen to remove waste products from the blood that flows through vessels lining in tummy. It is done several times a day, or before nighttime.
Patients without kidney transplant may have a lifelong need to go through dialysis.
This is an alternative for people with severely affected kidney function that is considered to be the most effective option. However, it requires going through a serious surgery and using drugs that will help recipient’s body to stop rejecting and attacking donor organ. Another problem is shortage of donors: as a rule, people have to wait months or years for a transplant and go through dialysis.
Recent advances in German and worldwide medicine have greatly increased survival rate after kidney transplantation. About 90% of surgeries guarantee transplant functioning within 5 years, and many work for ten years and more.
Why patients choose MediClin
MediClin is a German clinic that performs comprehensive chronic renal failure treatment and renal transplantation. We ensure multidisciplinary approach: it allows having a broader view on disease and patient’s medical background and taking more appropriate decisions. Holistic concept makes helps us to handle all aspects and complications of disease.
Together with surgical treatment and therapies, we provide nutritional counseling and psychological support for patients with chronic renal disease. We teach patients to control stress level, keeping normal cholesterol level and blood pressure that is essential for kidney functioning. Our health professionals give comprehensive recommendations concerning lifestyle changes and stress management, and provide with physical activity guidelines. We focus to make our programs individual and strive to make treatment both efficient and comfortable.
It goes without mentioning that MediClin offers a wide range of amenities and facilities for patients: spacious wards, cafeteria, entertainment options and around the clock nursing care.